Columba, Saint

Columba, Saint
(fl. 543-615)
   Born in Tyrconnell, now County Donegal, Ireland. His father-grandson of Conall Gulban, from whom the northwest of Ulster takes its name of Tirconaill, and great-grandson of Niall Naighiallach, king of Ireland from 379 to 405 - was chief of a mountainous district in the northwest of Ireland. Columba (known in Ireland and the western isles as Columcille) is credited with the main role in the conversion of Scotland to Christianity. He and his 12 disciples erected a church and a monastery on the island of Iona, Inner Hebrides, Scotland (c. 563) as their springboard for the conversion of Scotland, in the time of Aidan MacGabrain of Dunadd, king of Dalriada. Columba died at Iona. His feast day is June 9. Restoration of the abbey buildings began in 1938 when Rev. George F. MacLeod established the Iona Community. Several books and Latin hymns are attributed to Columba. Some of his poems: "A Boat Song," "An Invocation," "Farewell to Ireland," "On a Dead Scholar," "Prayer to the Virgin," "St. Columcille the Scribe," "The Boyhood of Christ," "The Maker on High."
   Sources: An Antholog y of World Poetry. Mark Van Doren, ed. Reynal & Hitchcock, Inc., 1936. Catholic Encyclopedia (http://www.newadvent.org). Dictionary of National Biography. Electronic Edition, 1.1. Oxford University Press, 1997. Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite DVD, 2006. Isle of Iona, Scotland (http://www.isleof-iona.com). Iona: A history of the Island. M. McNeil. Blackie and Son Ltd., 1920, republished 1973. The Columbia Granger's Index to Poetry. 11th ed. The Columbia Granger's World of Poetry, Columbia University Press, 2005 (http://www.columbiagrangers.org). The New Oxford Book of Irish Verse. Thomas Kinsella, ed. Oxford University Press, 1986. The New Penguin Book of Scottish Verse. Robert Crawford and Mick Imlah, ed. Penguin Books, 2000. The Oxford Companion to English Literature. 6th edition. Margaret Drabble, ed. Oxford University Press, 2000.

British and Irish poets. A biographical dictionary. . 2015.

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  • Columba, Saint — • Columba, Saint. Also known as Columcille. Long article on the Irish born monk, founder and abbot of Iona. He died in 597 • Columba, Saint. A nun beheaded by the Muslims in 853 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Columba,Saint — Columba also Col·um (kŭlʹəm), Saint. 521 597. Irish missionary who established a monastery on the island of Iona and subsequently Christianized northern Scotland. * * * …   Universalium

  • Columba, Saint — or Colum or Columcille born с 521, Tyrconnell died June 8/9, 597, Iona; feast day June 9 Irish abbot and missionary. A member of the warrior aristocracy, he was excommunicated for his part in a bloody battle. Exiled, he set out to do penance as a …   Universalium

  • Saint — 1347 80, Italian ascetic and mystic. died A.D. 731, pope 715 731. died A.D. 741, pope 731 741. died A.D. 352, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 337 352. died A.D. 683, Sicilian ecclesiastic: pope 682 683. died A.D. 855, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 847… …   Universalium

  • saint — saintless, adj. /saynt/, n. 1. any of certain persons of exceptional holiness of life, formally recognized as such by the Christian Church, esp. by canonization. 2. a person of great holiness, virtue, or benevolence. 3. a founder, sponsor, or… …   Universalium

  • Columba the Virgin — Saint Columba the Virgin From stained glass window at St. Columb Major church Virgin Martyr Born very late 5th century possibly Lothian, Scotland probably …   Wikipedia

  • Columba of Sens — Saint Columba of Sens Born c. 257 Died 273 Honored in Roman Catholicism Feast December 31[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Columba of Spain — Saint Columba of Spain Martyr of Córdoba Died 853 Córdoba Honored in Roman Catholicism Major shrine Old Castile, priory of St. Columba and the royal Abbey of Our Lady at Nájera …   Wikipedia

  • Saint Columba — may refer to:* Columba of Scotland * Saint Columba (the Virgin), also known as Saint Columba of Cornwall * Saint Columba of Sens * Columba of Spain * Columba of Terryglass * St Columb * Sancta Columba …   Wikipedia

  • Saint Otteran — Saint Otteran, a descendant of Conall Gulban, is usually identified with Odhron (also called Odhrán or Oran), who preceded Saint Columba in Iona. His death is recorded in 548 and his grave was greatly revered in Iona.According to Irish tradition… …   Wikipedia

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